Western Pressure Blogs
When you think of the oil and gas industry, the first thing that comes to mind probably isn’t cyber security. With plenty of sensitive information, the oil and gas industry is more susceptible to cyber attacks than you may think. Most of these companies also deal with a lot of different stakeholders, making the consequences of the attacks largely dependent on the malefactor’s goal.
What Measures are Being Taken?
As a whole, the oil and gas industry is estimated to spend $1.87 billion USD on cyber security during 2018. This increased spend on security measures is largely due to the automation and integration within the industry. Stored in company databases is sensitive information about drilling spots and access codes to company machines. According to the EY Oil and Gas Global Information Security Survey 2017-2018, 60% of companies in the oil and gas industry have experienced a serious cyber threat, which is 19% higher than in the previous year.
Potential risks a company may face:
- Plant shutdown
- Equipment damage
- Disruption in product quality
- Undetected spills
- Safety measures violation
Why Is it So Important?
Increased cyber security is important in the oil and gas industry because recently, the industry has gravitated to remote-based technology, such as drones. This is usually done for remote work and, by nature, requires information to be transferred digitally. If a hacker is able to gain access to a drone, they are able to complete tasks that an employee usually would, in addition to gaining access to other information without detection. To prevent this from happening, oil and gas companies have instituted strict protocols regarding the use of mobile devices.
An oil and gas company can experience a data breach along three key areas of the supply chain:
A cyber attack that occurs upstream affects drilling vessels, which are considered an extremely valuable corporate asset. These vessels use proprietary information when drilling, which is compromised in the event of an attack.
This part of the supply chain is when crude oil is transported from a production site to a refinery. The oil being transported is highly valuable and transportation is already considered a high-risk activity. A cyber risk could lead to outside sources knowing precise locations and protocols, threatening the security of the load.
During the final stage of the oil and gas supply chain, oil and gas is converted into other products, such as kerosene, aircraft fuel, and gasoline. A cyber security breach could lead to the hacking of monitoring equipment or surges in the pressure of transmission lines. If this happens, the product can no longer be used, resulting in a significant profit loss.
What Can be Done?
Oil and gas companies are already on the right track by investing in increased security measures. That being said, companies first need to understand where their vulnerabilities lie before being able to take protective measures. A multi-faceted IT protection system ensures that a company’s data is protected from various standpoints.
Daily crude oil demand has increased just over 16% in the past 12 years, with 2018 predicted to have the highest daily crude oil consumption at 99.3 million barrels per day. Oil remains the single most important source of worldwide energy, being required for 35% of daily needs. The 2018 oil and gas market in Canada is expected to have similar results as 2017 with low prices and little capital investment. Because of this, oil companies are seeking innovative ways to reduce costs as a way to mitigate stagnant national demand.
Although there has long been talk about the impact of artificial intelligence (AI) on the manufacturing sector, recent trends have been pointing to the use in the oil and gas industry. This aids in reducing labour requirements, the most significant cost in any industry. Robotics are expected to be used for repetitive, high-risk tasks, such as connecting drill pipes in the ocean. Not only does the use of AI in these circumstance increase efficiency through cost reduction, but enhances worker safety by removing employees from dangerous situations. This transition is expected to be slow, as currently, the only companies employing the use of robotics in the oil and gas industry are private.
Seismic waves are used to explore reservoirs of oil and gas deep under the earth’s surface and are already widely used across the industry. The technology works by radiating a wave, which bounces back and when repeated multiple times, provides a detailed image. 4D seismic technology differs in that it shows how an oil or gas reservoir will change over time. This provides key insights for executive planning purposes and reduces drilling risk. Operating costs are improved by decreasing the amount of dry holes and uncertainty currently experienced with oil sites.
By using cloud computing technology, companies are able to gain real-time access to information on the field. This is important, as information derived from data is at the core of the industry for exploration. With cloud computing, the data analysis process is enhanced and can be completed at a faster speed. Because much of the information used in the oil and gas industry is sensitive, cloud computing was initially controversial due to security concerns. The attitudes towards cloud computing have softened as companies are developing methods to enhance their security.
This is the latest technology to dominate oil and gas, as it’s linked to increased worker safety. By having employees wear monitoring devices in certain situations, companies are better equipped to track the environmental conditions where the worker is located. These insights help to prevent incidents and respond more quickly because the precise location of employees is known at all times. Wearable technology can also increase productivity by providing direct access to specialists and supporting information. British Petroleum is the industry leader in wearable technology with significant investments in the field.
Western Pressure Tools provides you with high-quality wireline and slickline tools and equipment. With 46 years of experience, we have the insights you need to ensure a multifaceted approach for your wireline needs. To learn more about our products, call 780-437-3615.
Wireline is a cable used to transport downhole tools and sensors. The benefit of using wireline is that it almost always delivers results on the spot and allows for electricity and data to be transferred between the surface and the equipment in the well. Western Pressure Controls manufactures tools to use with wireline, including fishing, shifting, and pulling tools.
It’s important to keep your equipment clean, especially when you’re using it to fish out objects that don’t belong in the well. Wireline is used for a myriad of tests, so by using the proper cleaning procedures before, during, and after use, you will prolong its life and durability.
Residual fluids, mud, and sediment will affect the wireline whether it’s been used in a dry well or a wet one. It should be greased and protected from the weather with Densyl tape when the wireline is in use, particularly on a winch.
Storing wireline in a dry and safe place does not ensure its good condition. It can deteriorate, so it must be thoroughly checked on a regular basis, which includes unspooling it. If consistent checks are not performed, you could end up losing a costly purchase since wireline is made from a high alloy geared for its specialized tasks.
Stuffing box packing, a tool that contains well pressure, helps clean off well fluids from the wireline as it passes through the stuff box packing. It is still necessary, however, to clean off the wireline again and to grease it if you are still using it.
The Oil and Gas Industry
The oil and gas industry, a global powerhouse that produces billions of dollars, is broken into three areas: upstream, midstream, and downstream. Wireline tools are only used for the industry’s upstream area (also known as the exploration and production sector of the petroleum chain) to drill in old wells or to create new ones. Wireline tools assist workers in recovering oil and gas.
Wireline tools and equipment endure some of these types of tasks:
- Perforating to facilitate circulation to the annulus
- Recovering unwanted objects or broken pipes
- Locating free space when pipes are stuck
- Evaluating pressure formation present in the well
Top-Quality Wireline Tools
The tools manufactured by Western Pressure Controls are essential in creating wells for access to gas and oil. While we offer specialty tools for your wireline needs, we also perform other services, such as custom machining. For over 45 years in Edmonton, we’ve been working on improving industry standards. If you want more information about our wireline tools, see our products page, or contact our sales team for a quote.
Western Pressure Controls offers top-of-the-line wireline and downhole equipment to suit all your individual needs. Since 1972, we have proudly served the national and international wireline community, providing unique, reliable, and durable products. If you are in need of crossover or tubing tools, Western Pressure Controls has the products you are looking for. Here is everything you need to know about our top-quality crossover and tubing tools:
Crossovers are connected to form a complete string. At Western Pressure Controls, our crossover tools are available in three formats: pin by pin, box by box, and pin by box. Most of our common threads include:
- API Regular
- Internal Flush (I.F.)
- P.T. (National Pipe Thread)
- Line Pipe
- EUE and NUE
- Macaroni Thread (M.T)
Coupling Re-Entry Guides
These are usually the first items in the wireline “hole,” and guide the casing towards its centre. The re-entry guides minimize issues associated with hitting washouts or rock ledges in the wellbore as the casing is being lowered into the well. At Western Pressure Controls, the size and style of threaded coupling can be requested by the customer. Here are a few styles we offer:
Coupling Re-Entry Guide. With removed interior material on the threads and wall, this tool gives a low-profile edge tapered to the base of the thread.
Half Mule Shoe. With this style, the coupling has been cut away from the centre at an angle of 45 degrees. Other angles and full mule shoe styles are also available.
Saw Tooth. The saw tooth model has been cut into the bottom of the coupling to break up debris in the well.
At Western Pressure Controls, we offer reliable and safe crossover and tubing equipment for those in the downhole community, both nationally and internationally. To learn more about our tools, or to talk with our knowledgeable staff, contact us today! We look forward to hearing from you.
Wirelines, also known as slicklines, are used to perform a variety of maintenance services in oil and logging industries. Some of these services may include measuring well depth, retrieving and setting plugs or safety valves, closing and opening downhole circulating devices, and running and pulling flow control devices. From the top-tier wireline manufacturers at Western Pressure Controls, here’s everything you need to know about wirelines:
How Do Wirelines Work?
These electric cables consist of single or multi-strands and are used for formation evaluation operations, well interventions, and logging. Wireline tools help transmit useful data about the well to an above-ground system. These tools are used to measure the dimensions and sonic properties of the wellbore, and gather data crucial to safe and effective operation in the wellbore. At Western Pressure Controls, we provide a variety of top-quality tools for the national and international wireline community.
Which Wireline Tools are Available at Western Pressure Controls?
At Western Pressure Controls, we offer a variety of wireline tools and equipment to ensure both efficiency and safety:
- shifting tools
- surface equipment
- BHP equipment
- equalizing assemblies
- fishing tools
- packoff equipment
- shifting tools
- locking mandrels
- completion equipment
- pulling tools
- running tools
- tool string equipment
- testing equipment
- crossover and tubing tools
Why Choose Wireline Tools from Western Pressure Controls?
At Western Pressure Controls, we offer top-of-the-line products to clients around the world. With over 45 years in the business, we know what it takes to make a long-lasting and reliable product. Our customer support team is experienced in field application and manufacturing protocol, and are happy to answer any questions to help you build your business. For more information about our wireline tools, get in touch with our knowledgeable staff today. We look forward to helping you improve your business.
Western Pressure Controls offers top-notch packoff equipment, guaranteed to last. Based in Edmonton, Alberta, we serve the wireline community around the world, providing unique and durable products. With experience in both manufacturing protocol and field application, our customer support team has the expert knowledge to advise you on which packoff equipment best suits your individual needs.
What Is Packoff Equipment?
Packoff equipment consists of elastic and flexible housing and sealing elements used to seal irregular surfaces, like wirelines. Western Pressure Controls offers two kinds of packoff tools:
This tool is designed to isolate the well pressure and is primarily used in deteriorated or damaged tubing where a stand-alone or conventional plug cannot be used. The 1-1/2” tool uses locking segments rather than a shear pin.
Unlike other configurations, which are commonly used in conjunction with a bumper spring attached above, the “G” element of this tool has many applications. It is typically used for a plunger-lift style configuration, which allows the wireline to set and unset the bumper spring platform allowing the tool to be moved up and down the wellbore as production of fluid increases or decreases. The tool is available in several configurations upon request.
Packoff equipment is often used in harsh, testing environments. For this reason, it’s crucial all packoff tools are manufactured with only top-quality materials. At Western Pressure Controls, we provide long-lasting products you can trust. For more information about our packoff equipment, or to speak with one of our experts, contact us today.
Since 1972, Western Pressure Controls has proudly served both the domestic and international wireline tool community. We are always excited to help customers create, design, and develop new innovations. When it comes to shifting tools, you can expect nothing but the best products from Western Pressure Controls.
What Are Shifting Tools?
Positioning or shifting tools are used to shift or close the position of flow circulation devices in the wellbore. Most shifting tools are prepared with a specific model of sliding sleeve.
Shifting Tools Are Offered at Western Pressure Controls
D2-Shifting Tool: The purpose of this tool is to shift “L” shaped sleeves in a controlled and selected manner. It should be run upright to open sleeves and in the inverted position to closed sleeves. For this tool to function effectively, the dimension from the bottom of the collet bump to the bottom of the retractor must be precise when assembled.
B-Shifting Tool: This tool opens and closes the sliding sleeve and shifts tubing release subs. It is available with an anti-shear ring to lock the tool in a running position, and in a Heavy-Duty B-shifting tool style. More information about this product is available upon request.
BO-Shifting Tool: The purpose of this tool is to selectively locate and shift sliding sleeves in the case of multiple SSDs in a wellbore. It is run into the wellbore past the desired sleeve and pulled up through the sleeve to engage the keys into the shift position. Specifications for this tool are available upon request.
X-Selective Shifting Tool: This tool is designed to shift any of the downhole sleeves in one direction without disturbing other sleeves in the wellbore. Specifications are available upon request.
The Benefits of Shifting Tools from Western Pressure Controls
- Experienced customer support in field application and manufacturing protocol
- Custom machining to suit individual customer specifications
- Reliable products designed with top quality materials
- Committed to building businesses and improving the industry standard
At Western Pressure Controls, we carry a complete line of wireline tools and products. For more information about shifting tools from Western Pressure Controls, get in touch with our staff today.
Western Pressure Controls is a leading national and international manufacturer of wireline tools and design. Our innovative downhole equipment products are designed with great care and precision, with the end goal of improving your business. We offer a variety of running tools made from only the strongest, most durable materials in many different styles.
First, what is Downhole Equipment?
Downhole tools are used to carry out well completion processes and to examine certain properties in the reservoir, like rock, liquid, and sand, by bringing out a sample above ground. These tools are especially reliable in harsh weather and high pressure conditions.
Downhole equipment can perform several operations, including fishing out any leftover tools from the well, measuring the depth of the well, repairing and performing cementing and well casing operations, and improving the flow of liquid.
Downhole Equipment Offered by Western Pressure Control
R-Line Running Tool
This service tool is used to run and set R and RN locking mandrels. Specifications are available on request.
X-Line Running Tool
Similar to the R-line running tool, this tool is used to run and set X and XN locking mandrels. Specifications are also available upon request.
C-1 Running Tools
This tool’s purpose is to run and set Baker-style W, Z, and S plugs and chokes into three designated profiles down the wellbore. Multiple No-Go ring diameters are available upon request.
Collar Stop Running Tools
This simple tool is comprised of only one piece and is used while running collar stops into position. Once the tubing collar is located at the required depth, this easy-to-locate tool is pulled upwards through the collar, then set down to engage the legs in the collar gap, and jarred down to release.
At Western Pressure Controls, we offer only the best quality running tools and other downhole equipment. For more information about our products, get in touch with our staff today.
At Western Pressure Controls, we offer a variety of surface equipment for the wireline community, both domestic and internationally. Here are some of the best surface equipment tools on the market from Western Pressure Controls:
Bleed Off/ Purge Sub
This tool is typically used at either the top joint of the lubricator as a Nitrogen sub to pressurize and eliminate the presence of dangerous or flammable gases contained in the lubricator, or as a bleed off sub at the bottom of the lubricator to bleed off gasses to the vessel or tank. This tool can take up to 5,000 psi working pressure, with single or dual ½” npt ports.
Night Cap/Lifting Cap
This tool is designed to secure the wellhead over night and gauge pressures, and used to lift surface equipment into place on the wellhead and other equipment that may not be easily accessed. This tool can withstand up to 5,000 psi working pressure, contains a ½” npt bleed port, and N.A.C.E. spec.
The pump-in sub is used for injection of bleed-off fluids or pressure in a well. Part #2 of this tool can be modified to fit the customer’s specifications. This tool can withstand up to 5,000 psi working pressure, contains a ½” npt bleed port, N.A.C.E. spec, and 4 3/4” TPI connections.
3” Wireline Valve – Manual and Hydraulic
This tool is designed to equalize and isolate pressure to the lubricator with the wireline still connected to tools in the wellbore, allowing the operator to bleed off the lubricator without releasing well gases into the atmosphere and allowing access to the wireline contained in the lubricator. The standard coating for this tool is Teflon, and nickel coating is available upon request.
This tool can be used to treat wireline and corrosion inhibitors to protect against H2S or CO2 corrosion. Inserts are available in brass, nylon, or aluminum bronze.
The lubricator houses the wireline toolstring and contains pressure during wireline operations. It is available in multiple lengths with bleed-off subs. This tool is available in multiple lengths with a bleed-off sub.
10” and 16” Stuffing Boxes
These tools provide a guide to allow the wireline into the lubricator and into the well while maintaining the pressure. It is available with a manual tensioner instead of a hydraulic packoff above the packing.
Wellhead Heaves (Hay Pulley)
This tool redirects the wireline to the stuffing box sheave and provides a guide for the wireline. The 16” hay pulley is available with a quick release safety hook in place of the clevis upon request. It is pull-tested to meet and exceed industry standards.
These tools are designed to crossover wellhead surface equipment. It has multiple specifications and can withstand up to 5000 psi.
At Western Pressure Controls, we serve wireline communities around the world. If you have any further questions about our locking mandrel products, or would like to request a product, get in touch today. Our professionals are happy to help.
Locking mandrels, or locks, play a key role when it comes to downhole equipment. Locking mandrels are anchored within the tubing string and provide a setting point for equipment like chokes, valves, or plugs.
Western Pressure Controls offers a wide variety of locking mandrels incredibly useful to the industry, in both Baker and Otis-styles.
Here is a comprehensive list of the tools we offer:
Designed to be run on a C-1 running tool, this type of lock has dogs that prevent upward or downward movement. This product is available in sizes for 1.50” to 3.5”. It is available with “T” keys for use in collars.
W & Z Locks
This is a selective lock that prevents upward movement with a set of dogs. The “W” lock downward movement is prevented by a no-go on the lock body. Similarly, the “Z” lock downward movement is prevented by a no-go on the equalizing assembly. These tools are available for H2S service and with “T” keys for use in collars.
The type D lock mandrel is used to land and lock in an API tubing collar, and to seal it at set positions to maintain a pressure differential from above and below. The sealing element is mechanically locked in the collar and can be used in conjunction with pump thru valves, standing valves, or choke assemblies. The standard D lock configuration is equipped with a knockout kobes to equalize pressure differentials previous to pulling. Specifications are available upon request.
This tool is designed to lock into an “N” nipple of its corresponding size. This tool can be set to hold pressure from above or below in one run. Specifications are available if needed.
This tool is used to selectively set in any type “R” landing nipple of the same size, and is available in R and RN profiles. Packing mandrels have a metal to metal seal and are available in sizes 2.563” or larger.
X-locks are used to set in any type X landing nipple or XN of the same size, and are available with the interference mandrel upon request. This tool is available in various metals, including L-80, Stainless Steel, 13Cr and Incoloy. For more information on pricing and availability, contact us at Western Pressure Control.
At Western Pressure Control, we serve wireline communities around the world. If you have any further questions about our locking mandrel products, or would like to request a product, get in touch today. Our professionals are happy to help.