Surface Equipment

WesternPressure

/Travis Giggs

About Travis Giggs

This author has not yet filled in any details.
So far Travis Giggs has created 22 blog entries.

Wireline Operations – Wireline Surface Equipment

Wireline Surface Equipment

Purpose:

To accommodate the entry and removal of wireline wire and wireline tools conveyed inside the oil/gas well. To contain and control fluids and pressures within the well while wireline work is been conducted

Wireline surface equipment used to preform well operations consists of:

Wireline Valve – Blow Out Preventer (BOP) can be opened or closed to contain pressure within wellhead

Wellhead Swedge – Threaded Connection to attach surface equipment to wellhead

Lubricator – High pressure tubes designed to receive “downhole” wireline tools while containing pressure within wellhead

Quick Unions – Type of union used to fasten 2 or more components with using only hands (no tools required to separate)

Stuffing Box – Wire is fed through stuffing box guide, then is attached to lubricator allowing wire to be attached, then tools can be lowered into wellhead, stuffing box is designed to contain the pressure within to be wellhead while operations are underway

Wireline Sheave (Hay Pulley) – Wheel assembly that is designed to guide wireline and allow it to travel in/out of wellhead freely through surface equipment mentioned. Furthermore, this allows the downhole wireline tools into wellbore (Sub-surface) to preform required operations.

 

 

Characteristics of the Oil and Gas Industry

Oil and gas is no longer the industry it used to be. With intense innovation and sustained demand, it’s important for all aspects of the industry to follow suit. Looking at the oil and gas industry from a broad perspective, many of its key components haven’t changed.

Here are the common characteristics of the oil and gas industry according to the experts

Team Size

It’s well known that large teams are highly inefficient. Somehow, there always ends up being a few individuals who slack off while other complete the work. It also increases the threat of “groupthink” and other social phenomena. Recently, we have seen a shift towards smaller team sizes, with usually a group of ten people or less.

Cost Emphasis

In an industry where prices are highly flexible and vulnerable to changes in supply and demand, there’s a sustained emphasis on cost management. This can be seen throughout the planning processes and the general approach to business throughout the industry. Unlike large consumer packaged goods corporations (CPGs) or auto manufacturers, the oil and gas industry is more subdued and less extravagant in nature. Although every project is unique to some degree, the process by which it’s approached is fairly standardized.

Finding Efficiencies

Following the emphasis on cost management, the oil and gas industry is all about finding efficiencies. The project management process has clearly defined roles and relies on the specific expertise of every individual involved. Typically, there’s a project manager, who oversees the whole process, a discipline engineer, and an inspector for each discipline.

Low Threat of New Entrants

Due to the high upfront costs and long tail of knowledge required the threat of new competitors entering the oil and gas industry is extremely low. That being said; there currently are thousands of companies within the industry itself.

Rivalry among existing competitors is fairly high, which is credited to a low industry growth overall. The growth rate the industry has experienced is shared among all of these competitors leading to a smaller slice of growth for each.

The industry is changing, however in the sense that buyers have more control than ever before. They are actively seeking lower prices and better terms within contracts

Western Pressure Controls is the leading supplier of wireline pressure control tools and equipment. We can help you build your business with superior products, such as surface equipment, BHP equipment, and equalizing assembly. To learn more about the equipment we offer; Call 780-437-3615 today!

 

Cyber Security in the Oil & Gas Industry

When you think of the oil and gas industry the first thing that comes to mind probably isn’t cyber security. With plenty of sensitive information the oil and gas industry is more susceptible to cyber attacks than you may think. Most of these companies also deal with a lot of different stakeholders making the consequences of the attacks largely dependent on the malefactor’s goal.

What Measures are Being Taken?

As a whole the oil and gas industry is estimated to spend $1.87 billion USD on cyber security during 2018. These increased security measures are largely due to the automation and integration within the industry. Stored in a company database is sensitive information about drilling spots and access codes to company machines. According to the EY Oil and Gas Global Information Security Survey 2017-2018 states that 60% of companies in the oil and gas industry have experienced a serious cyber threat which is 19% higher than in the previous year.

Potential risks a company may face:

  • Plant shutdowns
  • Equipment damage
  • Disruption in product quality

Why Is it So Important?

Increased cyber security is important in the oil and gas industry because recently the industry has gravitated to remote based technologies, such as drones. This is usually done for remote work and by nature it requires information to be transferred digitally. If a hacker is able to gain access to a drone they are able to complete tasks that an employee usually would; in addition to gaining access to other information. To prevent this from happening the oil and gas companies have instituted strict protocols regarding the use of mobile devices.

An oil and gas company can experience a data breach along three key areas of the supply chain:

  1. Upstream

A cyber attack that occurs upstream affects drilling vessels; which are considered an extremely valuable corporate asset. These vessels use proprietary information when drilling which is compromised in the event of an attack

  1. Midstream

This part of the supply chain is when crude oil is transported from a production site to a refinery. The oil being transported is highly valuable and transportation is already considered a high-risk activity. A cyber risk could lead to outside sources knowing precise locations, protocols and threaten the security of the load

  1. Downstream

During the final stage of the oil and gas supply chain; when oil and gas is converted into other products; such as kerosene, aircraft fuel and gasoline. A cyber security breach could lead to the hacking of monitoring equipment or surges in the pressure of transmission lines. If this happens the product can no longer be used resulting in a significant profit loss

What Can be Done?

Oil and gas companies are already on the right track by investing in increased security measures. That being said; companies first need to understand where their vulnerabilities lie before being able to take protective measures. A multifaceted IT protection system ensures that a company’s data is protected from various standpoints

Western Pressure Controls has a complete line of wireline tools including surface equipment, shifting tools, testing equipment, and more! Check out our products or call 780-437-3615

2018 Oil & Gas Industry Trends

 

Daily crude oil demand has increased just over 16% in the past 12 years, with 2018 predicted to have the highest daily crude oil consumption at 99.3 million barrels per day. Oil remains the single most important source of worldwide energy, being required for 35% of daily needs. The 2018 oil and gas market in Canada is expected to have similar results as 2017 with low prices and little capital investment. Because of this, oil companies are seeking innovative ways to reduce costs as a way to mitigate stagnant national demand.

Robotics

Although there has long been talk about the impact of artificial intelligence (AI) on the manufacturing sector, recent trends have been pointing to the use in the oil and gas industry. This aids in reducing labour requirements, the most significant cost in any industry. Robotics are expected to be used for repetitive, high-risk tasks, such as connecting drill pipes in the ocean. Not only does the use of AI in these circumstance increase efficiency through cost reduction, but enhances worker safety by removing employees from dangerous situations. This transition is expected to be slow, as currently, the only companies employing the use of robotics in the oil and gas industry are private.

Seismic Technology

Seismic waves are used to explore reservoirs of oil and gas deep under the earth’s surface and are already widely used across the industry. The technology works by radiating a wave, which bounces back and when repeated multiple times, provides a detailed image.  4D seismic technology differs in that it shows how an oil or gas reservoir will change over time. This provides key insights for executive planning purposes and reduces drilling risk. Operating costs are improved by decreasing the amount of dry holes and uncertainty currently experienced with oil sites.

Cloud Computing

By using cloud computing technology, companies are able to gain real-time access to information on the field. This is important, as information derived from data is at the core of the industry for exploration. With cloud computing, the data analysis process is enhanced and can be completed at a faster speed. Because much of the information used in the oil and gas industry is sensitive, cloud computing was initially controversial due to security concerns. The attitudes towards cloud computing have softened as companies are developing methods to enhance their security.

Wearable Technology

This is the latest technology to dominate oil and gas, as it’s linked to increased worker safety. By having employees wear monitoring devices in certain situations, companies are better equipped to track the environmental conditions where the worker is located. These insights help to prevent incidents and respond more quickly because the precise location of employees is known at all times. Wearable technology can also increase productivity by providing direct access to specialists and supporting information. British Petroleum is the industry leader in wearable technology with significant investments in the field.
Western Pressure Tools provides you with high-quality wireline and slickline tools and equipment. With 46 years of experience, we have the insights you need to ensure a multifaceted approach for your wireline needs. To learn more about our products, call 780-437-3615.

The Importance of Wireline Services and Wireline Tools

Wireline is a multiline cable or a high tensile single strand line (slickline) used to suspend (transport) downhole tools and sensors into oil or gas wells. The benefit of using wireline is that it almost always delivers excellent results on the spot and allows for electricity and data to be transferred between the surface and the equipment in the well. WPC manufactures tools to be use with wireline; including Rope Sockets to connect, tool string, wireline fishing, shifting, running and pulling tools, etc.

Maintenance

It’s important to keep your equipment serviced and well maintained especially when you’re using it to fish objects or debris that doesn’t belong in the well. Wireline is used for a extremely great number applications, by using the proper maintenance procedures you will prolong the tools life reliability and durability

Residual fluids, mud and sediment will affect the wireline whether it’s been used in a dry well or wet well; the line should be greased and protected from the corrosion prior to being stored for long periods. Kinks, extreme bending, over pulling above recommended load fatigue and damage the line, reducing strength of line particularly when used in wells consisting of H2S and Co2

Storing wireline in a dry and safe place does not ensure its good condition. It can deteriorate, so it must be thoroughly checked on a regular basis, which includes unspooling. If consistent checks are not performed you could end up losing a costly purchase; since wireline is made from a high alloy steel compounds and designed for its specialized tasks.

Stuffing box packing is a item that contains well pressures in wellbore and helps clean well fluids from the wireline as it passes through the stuff box packing as the line is reeled in and out of wellbore. It is necessary to clean off the wireline again and grease it; if you’re on your final run and are expecting not to use to line or are considering storage though it a good habit even if are still using it.

The Oil and Gas Industry’s 3 Sectors

The oil and gas industry; a global powerhouse that produces billions of dollars is broken into three areas: upstream, midstream and downstream. Wireline tools are only used for the industry’s upstream area; also known as the (exploration and production) sector of the petroleum chain, generally to drill old wells or create new ones. Wireline services assist in these operations by (i.e. blasting holes in tubing, setting plugs, locating fluid levels or bailing out debris.

Wireline services, tools and equipment endure some of these types of tasks:

  • Perforating to facilitate circulation to the annulus
  • Recovering objects or setting objects into bore
  • Locating fluid level, plugging wells and scraping debris
  • Evaluating formation pressures and downhole temperatures

Top Quality – Wireline Tools

The tools manufactured by WPC are essential in maintaining wells and providing an array of access and service to gas and oil industry. While we offer specialty tools for your wireline needs, we also perform other services, such as custom machining. For over 45 years in Edmonton, we’ve been working on improving industry standards. If you want more information about our wireline tools, see our products page, or contact our sales team for a quote.

WPC – Crossover Couplers, Unions and Tubing Tools

Western Pressure Controls offers top quality wireline tools and downhole tools to suit all slickline applications you may encounter. Head to your lease prepared. Established in 1972 WPC has proudly served the national and international wireline communities and markets, providing reliability, quality, durability and great service. If you require crossover unions, re-entry guides, tubing couplers or flanged unions we have quick manufacturing times, if its not on the shelf to get the job done. WPC has many stock products and if you are looking for something we don’t have, that’s fine if you have the time we can design, prototype and build to suit your application.

Here is everything you need to know about our crossovers and tubing tools:

Crossovers

Crossovers are typically threaded connections that are of the same or different threads to form a thread variation generally to reconfigure a tool string, tubing string or other application with threaded unions on either end. At Western Pressure Controls, our crossover unions are available in several formats typically

Most of common threads include:

  • American Petroleum Institute (A.P.I.)
  • Internal Flush (I.F.)
  • National Pipe Thread (N.P.T.)
  • Line Pipe (L.P.)
  • EUE and NUE (8 Round)
  • STUB ACME (S.A.)
  • Macaroni Thread (M.T.)

WPC – Re-Entry Guide

This is the first item in the well “hole” threaded to the bottom of the tubing, intended as the leading “edge” coupler at the end of the tubing to be ran in the hole. The re-entry guide minimizes issues associated with hitting washouts, rock ledges, or other obstructions encountered in the wellbore as the tubing string is lowered into the well prior to further wireline operations. The re-entry guide is designed to also allow the wireline Rope Socket and connection to be pulled back into the tubing string; in the case the wireline tools have been lowered out beyond the depth of the tubing. Hence the title (Re-entry guide) the internal threads are machined out leaving a tapered, beveled section inside the collar giving a low-profile edge

WPC – Half Mule Shoe – WPC style coupling has a cut away less than center at an angle of 45 degrees. Other angles and full mule shoe styles are also available upon request

WPC – Saw Tooth – The saw tooth model has been cut into the bottom of the coupling to break up debris in the well.

At Western Pressure Controls, we offer reliable and safe crossover and tubing equipment for those in the downhole community, both nationally and internationally. To learn more about our tools, or to talk with our knowledgeable staff, contact us today! We look forward to hearing from you.

What Is Wireline and How Does It Work?

 

Wireline, also known as slickline is the line used to perform a variety of maintenance services in oil and logging industries. Some of these services may include measuring well depth, retrieving and setting plugs or safety valves, closing and opening downhole circulating devices, and running and pulling flow control devices. From the top-tier wireline manufacturers at Western Pressure Controls, here’s everything you need to know about wireline:

How Does Wireline Work?

These cables consist of single or multi-strands of line some use electrical currents and are used for formation evaluation operations, well interventions and logging. Wireline tools help transmit useful data about the well to an above-ground system. These tools are used to measure the dimensions, sonic properties of the wellbore and gather data crucial to maintaining efficient, effective operation of gas or oil well.

At Western Pressure Controls we provide a variety of Wireline tools for domestic and international wireline operations

Which Wireline Tools are Available at Western Pressure Controls?

At Western Pressure Controls, we offer a variety of wireline tools and equipment to ensure both efficiency and safety:

  • Shifting tools
  • Surface equipment
  • Bottom hole pressure equipment (BHP)
  • Downhole equalizing valves
  • Wireline fishing and retrieval tools
  • Down hole pack-off equipment
  • Tubing Perforators
  • Shifting tools
  • Sand bailers
  • Downhole locking mandrels
  • Oilfield completion equipment
  • Pulling tools
  • Running tools
  • Wireline tool string and weight bar
  • Testing equipment
  • Flanges
  • Crossover couplings & Tubing tools

Why Choose Wireline Tools from Western Pressure Controls?

At Western Pressure Controls we offer top quality products to our clients around the world, with over 45 years in the business we know what it takes to make a long lasting and reliable product. Our customer support team is experienced in field application and manufacturing protocol, and are happy to answer any questions to help you build your business.

For more information about our wireline tools, get in touch with our knowledgeable staff today. We look forward to helping you improve your business.

 

 

 

 

WPC – Reliable and Effective Packoff Equipment – Available from Western Pressure Controls

 Western Pressure Controls offers top-notch packoff equipment, guaranteed to last. Based in Edmonton, Alberta, we serve the wireline community around the world, providing unique and durable products. With experience in both manufacturing protocol and field application, our customer support team has the expert knowledge to advise you on which packoff equipment best suits your individual needs.

What Is Packoff Equipment?

Packoff equipment consists of elastic like and flexible seal housings and sealing elements; used to seal irregular surfaces like worn or pitted tubing, ran with wireline equipment to be and engaged at decided depth in tubing bore where a profile nipple is not available.

Western Pressure Controls offers two kinds of packoff tools:

A3-Packoff

This tool is designed to isolate the well pressure inside the tubing preventing the gases to release into the atmosphere (surface) and is primarily used in deteriorated or damaged tubing where a conventional plug cannot be used. Generally well configurations are required to have a profile nipple for landing and positioning a Locking Mandrel type plug. Incases the profile is damaged, none excitant or simply can’t be used due to the well maintenance operations being completed. This style doesn’t have anchoring slips, as they are ran separately as a Tubing Stop*

G-Packoff

The WPC G-packoff tool has many configurations and applications that can be utilized for array of various purposes. The G packoff has been recently used more and more for a plunger lift style of configuration; which allows the wireline unit to set and unset the bumper spring platform; allowing the tool to be moved up and down the wellbore and set at the optimal depth as production of fluid increases or decreases

The tool is available in several configurations to suit your specific requirements

Plugs and Packoff equipment is often used in harsh corrosive environments; for this reason, it’s crucial all packoff tools are manufactured with only top quality materials that meet or exceed NACE spec (National Association of Corrosion Engineers) At Western Pressure Controls, we provide long-lasting products you can trust; for more information about our packoff equipment speak with one of our experts contact us

 

 

Get the Best Shifting Tools from Western Pressure Controls

Since 1972, Western Pressure Controls has proudly served both the domestic and international wireline tool community. We are always excited to help customers create, design, and develop new innovations. When it comes to shifting tools, you can expect nothing but the best products from Western Pressure Controls.

What Are Shifting Tools?

Positioning or shifting tools are used to shift or close the position of flow circulation devices in the wellbore. Most shifting tools are prepared with a specific model of sliding sleeve.

Shifting Tools Are Offered at Western Pressure Controls

B-Style

D2-Shifting Tool: The purpose of this tool is to shift “L” shaped sleeves in a controlled and selected manner. It should be run upright to open sleeves and in the inverted position to closed sleeves. For this tool to function effectively, the dimension from the bottom of the collet bump to the bottom of the retractor must be precise when assembled.

O-Style

B-Shifting Tool: This tool opens and closes the sliding sleeve and shifts tubing release subs. It is available with an anti-shear ring to lock the tool in a running position, and in a Heavy-Duty B-shifting tool style. More information about this product is available upon request.

BO-Shifting Tool: The purpose of this tool is to selectively locate and shift sliding sleeves in the case of multiple SSDs in a wellbore. It is run into the wellbore past the desired sleeve and pulled up through the sleeve to engage the keys into the shift position. Specifications for this tool are available upon request.

X-Selective Shifting Tool: This tool is designed to shift any of the downhole sleeves in one direction without disturbing other sleeves in the wellbore. Specifications are available upon request.

The Benefits of Shifting Tools from Western Pressure Controls

  • Experienced customer support in field application and manufacturing protocol
  • Custom machining to suit individual customer specifications
  • Reliable products designed with top quality materials
  • Committed to building businesses and improving the industry standard

At Western Pressure Controls, we carry a complete line of wireline tools and products. For more information about shifting tools from Western Pressure Controls, get in touch with our staff today.

Top Quality Running Tools from Western Pressure Control

Western Pressure Controls is a leading national and international manufacturer of wireline tools and design. Our innovative downhole equipment products are designed with great care and precision, with the end goal of improving your business. We offer a variety of running tools made from only the strongest, most durable materials in many different styles.

First, what is Downhole Equipment?

Downhole tools are used to carry out well completion processes and to examine certain properties in the reservoir, like rock, liquid, and sand, by bringing out a sample above ground. These tools are especially reliable in harsh weather and high pressure conditions.

Downhole equipment can perform several operations, including fishing out any leftover tools from the well, measuring the depth of the well, repairing and performing cementing and well casing operations, and improving the flow of liquid.

Downhole Equipment Offered by Western Pressure Control

Otis Style

R-Line Running Tool

This service tool is used to run and set R and RN locking mandrels. Specifications are available on request.

X-Line Running Tool

Similar to the R-line running tool, this tool is used to run and set X and XN locking mandrels. Specifications are also available upon request.

Baker Style

C-1 Running Tools

This tool’s purpose is to run and set Baker-style W, Z, and S plugs and chokes into three designated profiles down the wellbore. Multiple No-Go ring diameters are available upon request.

Collar Stop Running Tools

This simple tool is comprised of only one piece and is used while running collar stops into position. Once the tubing collar is located at the required depth, this easy-to-locate tool is pulled upwards through the collar, then set down to engage the legs in the collar gap, and jarred down to release.

At Western Pressure Controls, we offer only the best quality running tools and other downhole equipment. For more information about our products, get in touch with our staff today.